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Gladiolus: flower, meaning and its cultivation

Gladiolus: flower, meaning and its cultivation


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Perfect for gardens, especially for making borders colorful, the gladiolus is a very elegant and showy bulbous with long-stemmed flowers, even if not entirely eccentric. There are weirder flowers, this one has one incredible endurance, remains in bloom for a long time and even once cut, which is why it is not only used in gardens but also as a flower to give as gifts or to buy to give a touch of spring to your home. Let's see its main characteristics and also the techniques for growing this plant, in pots or elsewhere.

Gladiolus: flower

Not just because resistant, but also because slender and sinuous, as well as colorful, the gladiolus is undoubtedly in the top ten of the most popular bulbs by lovers of the genre and by anyone who wishes to have a flowery and colorful garden not just for a few days. Also for the romantic, which give bouquets of flowers wishing that they remain fresh for as long as possible, is a flower to keep in mind since, cut and placed in a vase with water, it lasts about two weeks.

One of the features that make the flower of the gladiolus recognizable by all, is its trumpet shape, very nice and certainly particular. The flower looks like a very enlarged trumpet, to underline its curves there are also the leaves of a beautiful intense green that can recall a Roman sword. When the gladiolus flourishes a real show of colors is staged, it is a real explosion of different colors, some more calm, others more of character.

Those who love gladioli love the contrasts of tones and rather tall flowers as they can reach up to one meter in height, sometimes touching even 120 centimeters, then it depends on variety to variety. Originally from the Mediterranean basin and South Africa and belonging to the Iridaceae family, the gladiolus genus includes more than 250 very different species. In bouquets and bouquets they can be freely combined with other flowers with bold colors or not, my favorite combinations see the presence of dahlias and lilies, it can also be associated with other plants, preferring the autumn perennials that grow best in sunny and warm places.

Gladiolus: meaning

In ancient times the gladiolus as a plant that grew spontaneously with considerable ease and even then its appearance had captured the women of the time who used it as an ornament, for hair and clothing. It was customary to use it to create decorations on the occasion of wedding ceremonies: it was the bride's friends who put on their heads an entire crown of gladiolus flowers as a sign of joy for the happiness of the friend. The same crown also carried a message of sadness and melancholy, the one felt by friends who knew that, with marriage, their friendship would change and would never be the same again.

Let's move on to the nineteenth century, with a time jump, to discover how the gladiolus was welcomed at that time. This is the moment when the flower in question began to arouse the attention not only of the bride's friends but also of the botanists who in this century have begun to create beautiful hybrids with splendid colors. Since then, and still today, the gladiolus has symbolized strength of character and respect for strong characters, but at the same time it also carries a more negative message, linked to a feeling of distrust. Here, then, that giving gladiolus flowers can have different implications and it is better to clarify our intent so as not to incur misunderstandings.

It can mean having been hit by the person to whom it is given, affected in a positive way, for its inner and outer beauty, but also hit in a negative sense, or injured for any reason, more or less rational and objective.

How to grow gladiolus

Besides being one beautiful plant, the gladiolus is also an undemanding plant, easy to grow whether you decide to place it in the garden or whether you prefer to keep it in pots. Much also depends on the space we have available but in general we should not be anxious about green thumb. The gladiolus is also good for non-experts, generously gives everyone abundant blooms, from July to September, depending on the planting period.

After planting from mid-April to mid-May, the gladiolus flower takes root and develops from a bulb called a corm, for the first blooms it is necessary wait 10 to 12 weeks. When choosing where to place the plant it is best to choose an area with drained soil and where there are no strong air currents because the gladiolus does not like the wind very much.

To grow in all its meter of height the flower it needs the installation of a stake to support it and frequent watering to keep the soil moist, without exaggerating and risking the problem of stagnation. In summer you can have plenty of water but then in winter it is better to be more careful not to overdo it. Another thing to watch out for is when you go to cut the flower: let's not also deprive it of the leaves because we could compromise the following blooms.

Diseases and pests of the gladiolus

Rustic and resistant, this plant shows itself however very sensitive to attacks by fungi and parasites, it is up to us to protect it in all ways to allow it to flourish at its best. To do this, it is necessary to carefully observe the gladiolus to identify the possible presence of fungi and, in this case, take action. Fungi are often visible to the naked eye and also go to affect the color of the flower itself, we cannot fail to notice anything.

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Video: Star Gladiolus Acidanthera in the Garden (July 2022).


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