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Biological agriculture: how to obtain the organic label and what are the standards to be respected to obtain organic certification. Difference between integrated agriculture and organic agriculture.
L'biological agriculture is a production technique that safeguards human health, the environment and animal welfare. It is a model of agriculture sustainable which enhances the quality of the product due to the absence of the use of particularly aggressive synthetic pesticides / herbicides and excludes the use of genetically modified organisms. The standards imposed with organic farming are able to protect corporate interests, consumer health and environmental values.
The agricultural techniques used in organic cropsthey exploit organic fertilizers, crop rotations, fight parasites using natural techniques ... and can rely on the use of only products (pesticides / fertilizers) approved for use in organic farming. The plant protection products allowed in organic farming are listed in Annex II of EC Regulation 899/2008.
As well as agriculture, hand in hand, the so-called organic farming, it is about extensive animal husbandry. In addition, farmed animals can only rely on nutrition through approved plant products, therefore no GMO feed and treatments with unapproved drugs.
Biological agriculture, legislation
L'biological agriculture in Europe it is regulated by the community regulations Reg. (CEE) n ° 2092/91 and Reg. (CE) n ° 1804/99. The first legislation concerned the organic farming sector, the second legislation then regulated and integrated organic farming as well.
The Ministry of Agriculture to private entities is the competent body for controlling the activity agricultural in Italy, which is responsible for verifying, through annual inspections, the implementation of regulations by organic companies. By following all the rules thatbiological agriculture requires that an identification label can be affixed to the products certifying authenticity biological.
Food products can be labeled and sold as organic if they contain at least 95% certified organic ingredients. The percentage refers to the total of the original ingredients agricultural and excludes water, salt, additives and other non-agricultural ingredients allowed.
The labeling must not contain statements that suggest to the consumer that the organic method is a guarantee of superior organoleptic, nutritional or health quality.
In Italy thebiological agriculture represents a real brand in the sector and its products.
The processing, storage and conditioning plants must ensure the processing of products from biological agriculture separately from conventional ones and allow clear identification and traceability of raw materials and finished product.
Even if thelegislation on organic farmingis now well established, there is still no capillary control body that can periodically verify compliance with the required standards. After the bureaucratic process that the companies follow for the request for the release of the organic label, unfortunately there are no capillary checks. This lack, unfortunately, is felt throughout the agri-food sector and not only for what concerns organic farming.
How to obtain the organic label
Companies that want to get theorganic certificationthey must follow a long process to demonstrate the genuineness of the entire production chain.
For all information: how to obtain organic certification.
Organic or integrated agriculture
Theorganic brandit is not the only onecertificationavailable for companies that want to stand out for ethics and sustainability. In recent times, the brand linked tointegrated agriculture.
In organic farming there is a list of "allowed plant protection products ". L'integrated agriculture, instead, it exploits within the rational limits ofsustainability, any possible means of defense of plants, namely:
- biological struggle
- chemical defense
- biotechnical products
- agronomic techniques
Despite a certain tolerance in the use of chemical products for plant protection, the purpose of integrated agriculture is always to reduce the overall amount of chemicals released into the environment.
For all the info: integrated agriculture.
Organic brand and other certifications
Hand in hand with the organic brand, various certifications have been created that protect not only agri-food products but also textiles, cosmetics, wood and much more. To know more:Soil Association.
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