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Who says edible plants exist only to be eaten? In reality, many vegetables, fruits and aromatic herbs can be grown at home even just to be able to fulfill another purpose, the ornamental one. Of course, if the more practical one joins this ornamental purpose, that is to translate into a real delicacy on your plate, we have a really interesting scenario, which we will try to deepen in our in-depth analysis.
In fact, we will discover together some of the best known edible plants, which not only taste great, but are pleasant enough to see growing in your garden.
A relative of the common thistle, artichokes grow best in climates that are characterized by humid summers. Flower buds on sturdy stems rise above rather noticeable leaves. The buds are the edible part of the plant: it will be enough to collect them before they open. As for the harvest season, a lot depends on the climate. In general, excellent harvests can be obtained in spring, although in some areas, harvests can be obtained throughout the warm season, with a secondary peak in autumn. Where artichokes are grown as annual plants, the shoots are harvested from mid-summer until autumn.
This annual herb, a kitchen favorite for Mediterranean cuisine, is very versatile. The leaves can in fact be used fresh, or they can be dried.
There are numerous varieties of basil in circulation, although typically in Italy there is a tendency to cultivate the green, more classic one. However, there are also several varieties of purple basil. All of these plants grow best in full sun and in well-drained soil.
Here is a shrub that can be grown in containers or in the ground, offering flowers in the spring, berries in the summer, and a pleasant red to orange color in the fall when temperatures drop.
As there are numerous variations of this plant, we recommend that you contact a garden expert directly to select the blueberry varieties that are best suited to your garden. Some newer cultivars are able to offer even more pink, sweet and ripe versions of the berries.
The blueberry it will have to be grown in full sun in acid soil.
THE cabbages they are a rather varied crop, with red, white, green and pink versions, typically in the cold seasons. From traditional cabbages to head cabbages, red-leafed to pink cabbages, cabbages need to be grown as annuals in full sun and in well-drained soil.
Lettuce and salad
The lettuces they are another extremely common edible plant in our country. In addition to being good to eat, it is also pleasant to see growing and spreading in your garden, thus constituting a real must for those who want to enrich their green area with a beautiful and useful plant.
For best results, simply grow lettuce in full sun to partial shade. Lettuce performs best in cool conditions, so during the heat of summer it might be useful to replace it with something else, such as chard.
To readily obtain a rich source of antioxidants and other nutrients, cultivate chard it is certainly the right thing to do.
A rainbow of red, orange or yellow stems lends beauty to your garden, and the harvest will allow you to obtain a delicious ingredient for a variety of recipes.
To do this, it is sufficient to grow the beets in well-drained soil kept uniformly moist. Choose leaves that are not too large (they are more difficult to eat) and only take one or two per plant at a time, so that the plant can then produce more. In areas that do not freeze, Swiss chard can behave like a perennial if the flowering stems are cut.
Most plants of sweet pepper they provide colorful fruits that are able to integrate into any garden. Many new pepper cultivars are also particularly beautiful to look at, as well as to eat, and we are sure that full sharing with your trusted gardener will be useful in identifying the most useful variant for your garden. Cultivation must take place in full sun.
As we understood in the above lines, most plants grow best in full sun. However, if you only have partial shade, consider growing beets, Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower, garlic, leafy lettuce, spinach, radishes, and beans, which can give you the best results without too much room for error.
We remind you that, given the growing variety of these crops available on the Italian market, in order not to make mistakes in the management of your green area, the best thing to do is still to talk to an expert gardener who can build together. to you your new garden!