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Sempervivum tectorum: care, cultivation and description of the plant. Compositions of houseleeks and other succulents.
Flowers always alive,sempervivum or sempervivi, are highly appreciated for their ease of cultivation and the little care required.
THEeverlastingI'mfat plants, appreciated for the small rosette flowers in some species and for the ornamental leaves in others. THEeverlastingthey belong to the Crassulaceae family. There are 65 species and a large number of varieties. In Italy there are 30 species, some of these grow spontaneously and colonize the entire Alpine arc and various habitats of the boot. Among the most common sempervivum plants we point out:
- Sempervivum arachnoideum
- S. calcareum
- S. dolomiticum
- S. grandiflorum
- S. italicum
- Sempervivum montanum
- S. tectorum
It is aboutperennial herbaceous plants, very rustic and characterized by small dimensions. Over the years, these plants can create dense carpets. The leaves are arranged in rosettes that have the peculiarity of appearing in variable sizes not only based on the species but also based on the growing environment. Rosette leaves can range from as little as 2cm up to 20cm!
Among the most used species forcompositions of succulentsthere is thesempervivum tectorumwhich is also betweeneverlastingof greater development.
The plant cangrow in pots. Thejarideal for growingsempervivum tectorumit should consist of a low and very large bowl, in this way the natural beauty of the plant will be enhanced. Even in pots, thesempervivum tectorumwill be able to create a dense and very decorative carpet.
Meaning of the plant
In ancient Rome, the Sempervivum tectorum species were recognizedpropertyprotective: according to beliefs, the plant was able to protect from lightning and for this reason it was grown on the roofs of houses.
In the seventh century AD, the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Charlemagne, ordered that they groweverlastingon all the roofs of the houses to protect every home not only from lightning but also from fires. It wasn't just superstition: these plants are highly resistant to fire and are able to "grow back" even after a few weeks following a fire.
Due to these characteristics, the speciesSempervivum tectorumit is considered a symbol of strength and endurance. This plant, a bit like the phoenix, manages to rise from the ashes and start a new life!
Even today, the plant is still grown on roofs, especially in mountain areas. The plant manages to avoid water infiltration in older houses and, in addition, offers an insulating layer.
Compositions of succulents with houseleeks
Thecompositions of houseleeksthey should be done carefully. If you are thinking of making onecomposition of succulents in pots, know that the houseleeks, including the Sempervivum tectorum species, have an imposing root system. If you want to do one composition of succulentsyou will want to insert different kinds ofeverlastingand do not grow specimens of the genus sempervivum with other succulents in the same container. The reason? The other succulents would inevitably end up "suffocating". Even if you think you "prune" the aerial part, you will not be able to control the root system!
Sempervivum tectorum: care and cultivation
The Sempervivum tectorum species, just like the other specimens of the genus sempervivum, needs fewcareso much so that it can almost be left to itself!
It adapts to the most diverse terrains. If you want to cultivate thealways live in potsyou can use a specific soil for succulents. If, on the other hand, you plant in the garden, you will have to carry out a preliminary tillage of the soil only if you have too clayey and asphyxiated soil.
If you have clayey soil, you will need to correct it by digging deep, burying soil with leaves, black lapillus or pumice, coarse river sand ... until you obtain a soil capable of draining the water without causing rot to the plants.
The Sempervivum tectorum species does not have particular climatic needs: it resists cold and heat well. Only humid heat can create suffering for the plant. This is why, if you live in Southern Italy where there are mild and rainy autumns and winters, it is better to place the plant away from the rains or add a temporary roof.
The plant can survive without any irrigation. Only if grown in pots will it be necessary to wet the soil abundantly in summer (once a week). The soil must be completely dry between one irrigation and the next.
In the open ground the plant does not need fertilizer, however, if the cultivation is in pots it might be advisable to fertilize with a low nitrogen fertilizer. An ideal formulation could be: NPK 5-15-30.